Disease prevention and early detection will help to increase the quality of human life for many years since the disease detected at the early stages is usually curable and the person maintains the activity and the capacity for work.

A number of disease prevention activities funded by the Health Insurance Fund are integrated with the health care services, and they are offered to individuals throughout the life cycle - such as screenings targeted to pregnant women and newborn children, health checks of children and people with chronic illness carried out by family doctors.

Screenings are medical examinations, which investigate certain age groups of the population or risk groups, who are considered most at risk of the disease being investigated. Screenings are specially designed for the investigation of the healthy groups of the population with no complaints and no obvious symptoms of the disease.

Breast cancer screening  

Women aged 50–69 years are invited to breast cancer screening every two years.   

In 2023 we invite women (including uninsured) who are born in 1955, 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1998, 1971 and 1973.

The aim of breast cancer screening is to detect breast cancer at an early stage and in this way reduce the amount of painful and costly treatments and the rate of mortality.

Cervical cancer screening  

Women aged 30–65 years are invited to cervical cancer screening every five years. 

 In 2023 we invite women (including uninsured) who are born in 1958, 1963, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1983, 1988 and 1993.

Read more from the website of the Estonian Health Insurance Fund: Screenings for women 

Colon cancer screening

People aged 60-69 will be subject to screening.

In 2023 we invite women and men (including uninsured) who are born in 1955, 1957, 1959, 1961 and 1963. To participate in the screening, you need to visit your family doctor.

Read more from the website of the Estonian Health Insurance Fund: Colon cancer screening